6 Lightweight Linux Distros for Old PCs (2019)

6 Lightweight Linux Distros for Old PCs (2019)

Not all computers are born equal, and if you have a lower-end rig you may need to look at lighweight Linux distros that will work well on older computers. There’s so much variety on the Linux platform that it can actually be hard to choose the best lightweight distro for your purposes, so we’ve picked out six of the best of 2018.

Alpine – https://alpinelinux.org/

Lubuntu – https://lubuntu.net/

Puppy Linux – http://puppylinux.org

TinyCore – http://tinycorelinux.net/

LXLE – http://www.lxle.net/

Arch Linux – https://www.archlinux.org/

and

4 Best Android OS for PC 64 bit or 32 bit: Free/Opensource

Best android os for pc

Android-x86 Project – Run Android on Your PC

Download: Android-x86 for PC 

See: How to install Android-x86 for PC  on Virtualbox or Vmware

Phoenix OS- Android OS for PC

Download Phoenix Android OS for PC 64bit or 32 bit. (Link)

BlissOS – Android for desktops and laptops

Download BlissOS for PC from Sourceforge and Official website.

OpenThos Android OS

Know more about it: How to install OpenThos and Review

PrimeOS

Download PrimeOS ISO

Remix OS (Dead Almost)

Download RemixOS

 

 

How To Install macOS Mojave On An Unsupported iMac ( Tutorial for incompatible iMacs ), macOS Mojave Patcher Tool for Unsupported Macs

How To Install macOS Mojave On An Unsupported iMac ( Tutorial for incompatible iMacs )

 

In this one, we are going to show you have to install macOS Mojave on an unsupported iMac.

Website : http://dosdude1.com/mojave/ (Check for known issues before install)

List of supported and unsupported iMacs :

Requirements:

– Early-2008 or newer Mac Pro, iMac, or MacBook Pro:
– MacPro3,1
– MacPro4,1
– iMac8,1
– iMac9,1
– iMac10,x
– iMac11,x (systems with AMD Radeon HD 5xxx and 6xxx series GPUs will be almost unusable when running Mojave. More details are located in the Known Issues section below.)
– iMac12,x (systems with AMD Radeon HD 5xxx and 6xxx series GPUs will be almost unusable when running Mojave. More details are located in the Known Issues section below.)
– MacBookPro4,1
– MacBookPro5,x
– MacBookPro6,x
– MacBookPro7,1
– MacBookPro8,x

– Late-2008 or newer MacBook Air or Aluminum Unibody MacBook:
– MacBookAir2,1
– MacBookAir3,x
– MacBookAir4,x
– MacBook5,1

– Early-2009 or newer Mac Mini or white MacBook:
– Macmini3,1
– Macmini4,1
– Macmini5,x
– MacBook5,2
– MacBook6,1
– MacBook7,1

– Early-2008 or newer Xserve:
– Xserve2,1
– Xserve3,1

Machines that ARE NOT supported:

– 2006-2007 Mac Pros, iMacs, MacBook Pros, and Mac Minis:
– MacPro1,1
– MacPro2,1
– iMac4,1
– iMac5,x
– iMac6,1
– iMac7,1
– MacBookPro1,1
– MacBookPro2,1
– MacBookPro3,1
– Macmini1,1
– Macmini2,1

— The 2007 iMac 7,1 is compatible if the CPU is upgraded to a Penryn-based Core 2 Duo, such as a T9300.

– 2006-2008 MacBooks:
– MacBook1,1
– MacBook2,1
– MacBook3,1
– MacBook4,1

– 2008 MacBook Air (MacBookAir 1,1)

Patreon : https://www.patreon.com/RetroGamerVX

 

 

macOS Mojave Patcher Tool for Unsupported Macs

*This utility is provided to anyone free of charge, however if you’d like to donate, you can do so here:

Questions or comments? Feel free to contact me at collinmistr@gmail.com. Please take a look at the FAQ located at the bottom of this page as well.

I also have a YouTube video showing the process, which can be viewed here.

Important Note:  10.14.4 and later CANNOT be patched properly using Mojave Patcher version 1.2.3 and older. If you update to 10.14.4 or later, and HAVE NOT updated your installer volume with version 1.3.0 or later of Mojave Patcher, you WILL NOT be able to get your system to boot after updating! Please read the updates section for more info.

Contents:

Requirements:

• Early-2008 or newer Mac Pro, iMac, or MacBook Pro:

• MacPro3,1
• MacPro4,1
• iMac8,1
• iMac9,1
• iMac10,x
• iMac11,x (systems with AMD Radeon HD 5xxx and 6xxx series GPUs will be almost unusable when running Mojave. More details are located in the Known Issues section below.)
• iMac12,x (systems with AMD Radeon HD 5xxx and 6xxx series GPUs will be almost unusable when running Mojave. More details are located in the Known Issues section below.)
• MacBookPro4,1
• MacBookPro5,x
• MacBookPro6,x
• MacBookPro7,1
• MacBookPro8,x


• Late-2008 or newer MacBook Air or Aluminum Unibody MacBook:

• MacBookAir2,1
• MacBookAir3,x
• MacBookAir4,x
• MacBook5,1


• Early-2009 or newer Mac Mini or white MacBook:

• Macmini3,1
• Macmini4,1
• Macmini5,x
• MacBook5,2
• MacBook6,1
• MacBook7,1


• Early-2008 or newer Xserve:

• Xserve2,1
• Xserve3,1

Machines that ARE NOT supported:

• 2006-2007 Mac Pros, iMacs, MacBook Pros, and Mac Minis:

• MacPro1,1
• MacPro2,1
• iMac4,1
• iMac5,x
• iMac6,1
• iMac7,1
• MacBookPro1,1
• MacBookPro2,1
• MacBookPro3,1
• Macmini1,1
• Macmini2,1


— The 2007 iMac 7,1 is compatible if the CPU is upgraded to a Penryn-based Core 2 Duo, such as a T9300.

• 2006-2008 MacBooks:

• MacBook1,1
• MacBook2,1
• MacBook3,1
• MacBook4,1


• 2008 MacBook Air (MacBookAir 1,1)

Things you’ll need:

• A copy of the macOS Mojave Installer App. This can be obtained from the Mac App Store using a machine that supports Mojave, or by using the built-in downloading feature of the tool. In the Menu Bar, simply select “Tools > Download macOS Mojave…”

Download macOS

• A USB drive that’s at least 16 GB in size

• A copy of the tool – Download:

(Current version: 1.3.3, SHA1: c62ddb5f4aa3c85de94126ade42e481a3de2a5a0)

• View changelog and download older versions here

Known issues:

• Graphics anomalies: Currently, pre-metal video cards used in Mojave will produce a weird darkish grey Menu Bar and Finder sidebar when using the light theme. In the dark theme, however, these anomalies are not present.

• AMD Radeon HD 5xxx/6xxx series GPU acceleration: Currently, it is not possible to get full graphics acceleration when running Mojave on a system with a Radeon HD 5xxx or 6xxx series GPU. Mojave will be almost UNUSABLE without graphics acceleration. This includes the 15″ and 17″ MacBook Pro systems (MacBookPro8,2 and 8,3). If you want to enable GPU acceleration on these machines, you’ll need to disable the AMD GPU (This will work on MacBook Pro 8,2 and 8,3 systems ONLY. You CANNOT disable the AMD GPU in an iMac.) Weird colors will also be produced when running Mojave with one of these video cards installed/enabled. To disable the AMD GPU on a 2011 MacBook Pro 8,2 or 8,3, follow the guide found here.

• Built-in iSight cameras: Currently, built-in iSight cameras do not work correctly on some machines. It seems to be hit or miss, but when installing, expect your iSight camera to be non-functional.

• Trackpad (MacBook5,2 affected only). The trackpad in the MacBook5,2 isn’t fully supported in Mojave. While it works and is fully usable, Mojave detects it as just a standard mouse, preventing you from changing some trackpad-oriented settings.

How to use:

1. Insert your desired USB drive, open Disk Utility, and format it as OS X Extended (Journaled).
step1
2. Open the “macOS Mojave Patcher” tool, and browse for your copy of the macOS Mojave Installer App.
step2
*Ensure that the tool successfully verifies the app.
step3
3. Next, select your USB drive in the Target Volume list, and click “Start Operation.”

step4

4. When the operation completes, boot your target unsupported Mac off the USB drive you just created by holding down the Option key while turning on the machine, and selecting the drive.

step5


Note: Only perform steps 5 and 6 if you intend to do a clean install. Otherwise, you can simply skip these steps and install to your volume containg a previous version of OS X, and it’ll do an in-place upgrade.

5. When the installer boots, open Disk Utility from the Utilities menu, or by double-clicking it in the Utilities window on the bottom left corner of the screen.

step6

6. Select the disk or partition you want to install on, and erase it, ensuring to use either Mac OS Extended (Journaled), or APFS as the filesystem type. If formatting an entire drive, ensure GUID is selected.

Important Note:  Using APFS is REQUIRED in Mojave in order to receive system updates via the normal Software Update method. If you choose to continue using macOS Extended (Journaled) as your filesystem type, you will NOT receive System Updates via System Preferences.

• Using APFS on Late-2009 and later machines will work no differently than it did with High Sierra.
• If you have a machine that did NOT natively support High Sierra (and therefore cannot boot APFS volumes natively), please note the following:

— If you use APFS, you will not have a bootable Recovery partition.
— If you decide to use APFS, a custom booting method will be installed by the post-install tool, as the firmware of these unsupported machines does not natively support booting from APFS volumes. It is not quite as clean as native booting, but will not cause any issues while running Mojave. A demo of the modified booting process can be viewed here.

step7

7. Install macOS normally onto the desired volume.

step8

step9

8. When the install completes, reboot back onto the installer drive. This time, open the “macOS Post Install” application.

step10

9. In the application, select the Mac model you are using. The optimal patches will be selected for you based on the model you select. You can also select other patches of your choosing.

Step 11

10. Select the volume you have just installed macOS Mojave on, and click “Patch.” When it finishes patching, click “Reboot”. It may sit there for a few moments rebuilding caches before rebooting.
• If for some reason the system fails to work correctly after rebooting, boot back into your installer drive, run the post install patch again, and select “Force Cache Rebuild” before rebooting. This isn’t necessary under most circumstances.

step12

11. When it reboots, it should now boot into a fully working copy of macOS Mojave.

step13

Additional Info:

• If selected in the macOS Post Install tool, your Mojave install will have a program named “Patch Updater” located in your /Applications/Utilities folder. This program will alert you when new updates to patches are available for your machine, and will prompt you to install them. If you do not have Patch Updater installed, but would like it, you can download and run the script found here to do so.
Patch Updater
Re-installing Patches

• During system updates, some patches may get overwritten. Using the Patch Updater tool, it is possible to re-install these patches with one click. To do so, open the Patch Updater application, and select “View Installed Updates”, or use the “View > Show Installed Updates” menu in the Menu Bar.
• To re-install a patch, simply right-click on it in the list and select “Re-install”. You can also select the “Re-install All” button to re-install all currently installed patches at once.

Installed Patches List

Updates

Important Note:  Using APFS is REQUIRED in Mojave in order to receive system updates via the normal Software Update method. If you choose to continue using macOS Extended (Journaled) as your filesystem type, you will NOT receive System Updates via System Preferences. If you are not using APFS, you can follow the 10.14.1 installation steps below.

10.14.510.14.5 can be updated normally via the App Store if using an APFS volume, and will need to be patched using an installer volume created with Mojave Patcher version 1.3.1 and later after installing.

10.14.410.14.4 adds new changes that ARE NOT patchable by the post-install tool of Mojave Patcher v1.2.3 and older! Before updating to 10.14.4, you you will need to use the latest Mojave Patcher version to create a new installer volume, using the 10.14.4 installer app. Then, update to 10.14.4, either by installing via Software Update, or by just using the installer volume you’ve created to install.

10.14.3If you are currently running 10.14.1 or 10.14.2, you can simply use the Software Update pane of System Preferences (if using APFS) to apply the 10.14.3 update. Once the update is installed, you will most likely need to re-apply post-install patches to get the system to boot again. This process is detailed in steps 8 – 10 above. If you are currently running 10.14.0, you’ll need to proceed with the 10.14.1 update method described below.

10.14.2If you are currently running 10.14.1, you can simply use the Software Update pane of System Preferences (if using APFS) to apply the 10.14.2 update. Once the update is installed, you will most likely need to re-apply post-install patches to get the system to boot again. This process is detailed in steps 8 – 10 above. If you are currently running 10.14.0, or are using a non-AFPS volume, you’ll need to proceed with the 10.14.1 update method described below.

10.14.1/macOS Extended (Journaled) volumesThe Mojave 10.14.1 update does NOT install properly on unsupported machines, and could result in an unbootable OS. If you want to install the 10.14.1 update (and are not currently running 10.14.1), perform the following steps:

• Download the latest version of Mojave Patcher
• Download the installer using the Tools menu of Mojave Patcher
• Create a patched USB installer
• Boot from that, and install 10.14.1 onto the volume containing an older release.
• Once done, apply the post-install patches, and you should now be on 10.14.1.

FAQ:

Q: The tool created the USB drive successfully, but when booting, the progress bar hangs a bit more than half way.
A: Check your copy of the Install macOS Mojave App. If you’re using the latest version of the tool, you must be using the latest version of the Install macOS Mojave App. Version 1.1 of the patch tool and older support older versions of the installer app.

Q: The patch tool gives me errors, such as “Error copying files…”.
A: Check to make sure your USB drive is writeable. Try re-formatting it, or just try a different USB drive.

Q: The patch tool gives me a “Mounting Failed” error
A: Open up Disk Utility, and verify that “InstallESD” is not mounted. If it is, eject it, and then try again. Also, check to make sure your Install macOS Mojave App is the correct one. It should be around 6GB in size. If you used the “Skip App Verification” option, you have most likely selected an invalid app that doesn’t contain the necessary files.

Q: I don’t see my hard drive partition in the installer screen or in the post-install tool.
A: Make sure FileVault is disabled, or use the instructions found here to unlock it manually using Terminal.

Q: I get a “NO” symbol when starting up after successfully installing Mojave.
A: Make sure you have run the post-install patch on the correct volume, as detailed above in steps 8-10.

Q: I get a “NO” symbol when starting up from the patched USB drive
A: Check the supported/not supported list at the top of this page. Ensure your machine is in the supported list.

Q: I get “NSURL” errors when trying to update my machine or use the App Store
A: This is usually the result of having an invalid CatalogURL set. To revert to stock, simply run “sudo softwareupdate –clear-catalog” in Terminal, and then run the software update patch script located above.

Q: Safari, App Store, and/or Mail stopped working after installing a system update
A: Download and run the Onyx application, select “Maintenence” at the top, then click the Run button.

Q: I get a “No packages were eligible for install” error when attepting to install Mojave
A: This is due to your system’s date and time being set incorrectly. To fix it, you can either boot into your current OS X install and set the date, or you can use Terminal after booting from your patched USB installer drive to set the date. Instructions to set the date using Terminal can be found here.

Q: System updates are not appearing in the Software Update Prefpane
A: Make sure you’re running Mojave off an APFS formatted volume. If you are using a macOS Extended (Journaled) volume, then you will either net to convert the volume to APFS using Disk Utility in the patched installer drive, or simply apply the desired system update by following the method detailed for 10.14.1 in the above section.

♣ 탈무드명언 ♣

 

♣ 탈무드명언 

       

1. 강한 사람이란 자기를 억누룰 수 있는 사람과

   적을 벗으로 바꿀 수 있는 사람이다.

 

2. 거짓말쟁이에게 주어지는 최대의 벌은,

   그가 진실을 말했을 때에도 사람들이 믿지 않는 것이다.

 

3. 그 사람 입장에 서기전에는

   절대로 그 사람을 욕하거나 책망하지 말라.

 

4. 기도하기 전에 반드시 기도가 절실 한 것인가

   자신에게 물어 봐라.

   그렇지 않으면 기도하지 마라.

   습관적인 기도는 참되지 못하기 때문이다.

 

5. 남에게 자기를 칭찬하게 해도 좋으나,

   자기 입으로 자기를 칭찬하지 말라.

 

6. 남을 헐뜯는 가십(gossip)은 살인보다도 위험하다.

   살인은 한 사람밖에 죽이지 않으나,

   가십은 반드시 세 사람의 인간을 죽인다.

   즉 가십을 퍼뜨리는 사람 자신,

   그것을 반대하지 않고 듣고 있는 사람,

   그 화제가 되고 있는 사람.

 

7. 남의 자비로 사는 것보다

   가난한 생활을 하는 편이 낫다.

 

8. 너를 칭찬하고 따르는 친구도 있을 것이며,

   너를 비난하고 비판하는 친구도 있을 것이다.

   너를 비난하는 친구와 가까이 지내도록 하고

   너를 칭찬하는 친구와 멀리하라.

 

9. 노화를 재촉하는 네 가지 원인.

   공포, 분노, 아이들, 악처.

 

10. 누가 가장 똑똑 한 사람인가?

   모든 경우, 모든 사물에서 

   무엇인가를 배울 줄 아는 사람이 똑똑 한사람이다.

   누가 굳센 사람인가?

   자기 자신을 누를 수 있는 사람이 굳센 사람이다.

   누가 가장 풍족 한 사람인가?

   자기 자신의 몫에 불만이 없이 만족하는 사람이 풍족 한 사람이다.

 

11. 누가 현자인가?

   모든 사람들로부터 배우는 사람이 현자이다.

 

12. 눈이 보이지 않는 것보다는,

   마음이 보이지 않는 쪽이 두렵다.

 

13. 만나는 모든 사람에게서 무엇인가를 배울 수 있는 사람이

   이 세상에서 가장 현명하다.

 

14. 명성(名聲)을 구하여 달리는 자는, 명성에 따라갈 수 없다.

   그러나 명성에서 도망쳐 달리는 자는, 명성에 붙잡힌다.

 

15. 몸의 모든 부분은 마음에 의존하고 있다.

 

16. 물고기는 언제나 입으로 낚인다.

   인간도 역시 입으로 걸린다.

 

17. 물이란 본디 산정상에 머물지 않고 계곡을 따라 흘러가는 법이다.

   이처럼 진정 한 미덕은 다른 사람보다 높아지려고 하는 사람에게는

   머무르지 않으며 겸손하고 낮아지려는 사람에게만 머무는 법이다.

 

18. 다섯 살 된 자식은 당신의 주인이고,

   열살 된 자식은 노예이며, 열 다섯 살 된 자식은 동등하게 된다.

   그 후부터는 교육시키는 방법 여하에 따라

   벗이 될 수도 적이 될 수도 있다.

 

19. 당신의 친구가 당신에게 있어서 벌꿀처럼 달더라도

   전부 핥아먹어서는 안 된다.

 

20. 당신의 혀에게 “나는 잘 모릅니다”라는 말을 열심히 가르쳐라.

 

21. 당신이 남들에게 범한 작은 잘못은 큰 것으로 보고,

   남들이 당신에게 범한 큰 잘못은 작은 것으로보라.

 

22. 돈이나 물건은 그냥 주는 것보다도 빌려주는 쪽이 낫다.

   그냥 얻으면, 얻은 쪽은 준 사람보다 밑에 있지 않으면 안 되지만,

   빌려주고 빌린다면 대등하게 대할수 있다.

 

23. 동물은 자기와 같은 종류의 동물들과만 생활 한다.

   늑대가 양과 섞일 리는 없고, 하이에나가 개와 섞일 수가 있을까.

   부자와 가난뱅이도 그와 마찬가지이다.

 

24. 두 사람이 싸울 때 먼저 싸움을 포기하는 자가 더 고상한 사람이다.

 

25. 뛰어난 사람은 두 가지 교육을 받고 있다.

   그 하나는 교사로부터 받는 교육이요,

   다른 하나는 자기자신으로부터 받는 것이다.

 

26. 배운 것은 많지만 선을 행하지 않는사람은 야생마와 같은 것이다.

   그것은 기수가 올라타자마자 그를 흔들어 떨어뜨린다.

 

27. 벗이 화내고 있을 때에는 달래려고 하지 말라.

   그가 슬퍼하고 있을 때에도 위로하지 말라.

 

28. 부부가 진정으로 서로 사랑하고 있으면,

   칼날 폭만큼의 침대에서도 잠잘 수 있지만,

   서로 반목하기 시작하면,

   십 미터나 폭이 넓은 침대로도 너무 좁아진다.

 

29. 불타고 있는 장작에 물을 뿌리면, 속까지 차갑게 되지만,

   중상(中傷)으로 노하고 있는 사람에게는

   사죄해도 마음 속의 불은 끌 수가 없다.

 

30. 사랑을 하고 있는 자는 타인의 충고에 귀를 기울이지 않는다.

 

31. 삼목(杉木)처럼 딱딱하고 굽힐 줄 모르는 사람이 아니라,

   갈대처럼 부드럽고 굽힐 줄 아는 사람이되라.

 

32. 상대에게 한 번 속았을 땐 그 사람을 탓하라.

   그러나 그 사람에게 두 번 속았거든 자신을 탓하라.

 

33. 서로 재혼인 사람끼리 결혼하면,

   침대에는 네 사람의 남녀가 자게 된다.

 

34. 선행에 문을 닫는 자는,

   다음에는 의사를 위하여 문을 열지 않으면 안 된다.

 

35. 성품이 나쁜 사나이는 이웃 사람의 수입에 마음을 쓰면서

   자기의 낭비에는 마음을 쓰지 않는다.

 

36. 세계에는 올바른 일만 하는 사람은 있을 수 없다.

   반드시 나쁜 일도 하고 있다.

 

37. 세상 무엇과도 바꿀 수 없는 것.

   그것은 젊은 때에 결혼하여 살아온 늙은 마누라.

 

38. 세상에는 너무 지나치게 쓰면 안 되는 것이 세 가지 있다.

   그것은 빵의 이스트, 소금, 망설임이다.

 

39. 세상에서 가장 행복 한 남자는 좋은 아내를 얻은 사람이다.

 

40. 세상은 약하지만 강 한 것을 두렵게 하는 것이 있다.

   첫째, 모기는 사자에게 두려움을 준다.

   둘째, 거머리는 물소에게 두려움을 준다.

   셋째, 파리는 전갈에게 두려움을 준다.

   넷째, 거미는 매에게 두려움을 준다.

   아무리 크고 힘이 강하더라도 반드시 무서운 존재라고는 할 수 없다.

   매우 힘이 약하더라도 어떤 조건만 갖추어져 있다면

   강한 자를 이길 수가 있는 것이다.

 

41. 술이 머리에 들어가면, 비밀이 밖으로 밀려 나간다.

 

42. 승자는 문제 속에 뛰어든다.

   패자는 문제의 변두리에서만 맴돈다.

 

43. 승자는 과정을 위해 살고, 패자는 결과를 위해 산다.

 

44. 승자가 즐겨 쓰는 말은 ‘다시 한번 해보자’ 이고,

   패자가 즐겨 쓰는 말은 “해봐야 별 수 없다.”이다.

 

45. 승자의 주머니 속에는 꿈이 있고,

   패자의 주머니 속에는 욕심이 있다.

 

46. 승자는 눈을 밟아 길을 만들지만,

   패자는 눈이 녹기를 기다린다.

 

47. 승자는 행동으로 말을 증명하지만,

   패자는 말로써 행동을 변명 한다.

 

48. 승자는 과정을 위해 살고,

   패자는 순간마다 성취의 만족을 경험하며,

   패자는 영원히 성취의 만족을 경험하지 못합니다.

 

49. 승자는 꼴찌를 해도 의미를 찾지만,

   패자는 오직 일등을 했을 때만 의미를 찾는다.

 

50. 승자는 다른 길도 있으리라 생각하지만,

   패자는 길이 오직 하나뿐이라고 고집 한다.

 

51. 승자는 지는 것을 두려워하지 않지만,

   패자는 이기는 것도 은근히 염려 한다.

 

52. 승자의 하루는 25 시간이고

   패자의 하루는 23 시간 밖에 안 된다.