The Chocolate Mask, The Chocolate Yogurt Honey Mask,The Dark Chocolate Brown Sugar Sea Salt Mask

Chocolate is the food of the gods, and we have cacao beans to thank for its deliciousness. Cacao beans (Theobroma cacao)  are the seeds or nuts of the cacao tree, which has been cultivated for at least three millennia in Mesoamerica and the Amazon.

When you hear people talking about cacao, they mean either the cacao nibs, cacao butter, cacao paste or cacao powder. In a nutshell, chocolate is made like this: after fermentation, the cacao beans are dried, cleaned, and roasted. The shell is removed to produce cacao nibs, which are then ground to cocoa mass.

Cacao is known as a superfood powerhouse for its high antioxidant levels, but most people don’t realise our skin can benefit from these antioxidants through topical application as well.

Let’s bust a myth right now: chocolate doesn’t make you break out, either through eating it or applying it to your skin through skincare products, so relax.

The high levels of polyphenol antioxidants in cacao belong to the same group of antioxidants found in green tea and red wine and protect our cells from premature ageing. Amazingly, raw organic cacao has over 40 times the antioxidants of blueberries.

Cacao is now the subject of scientific research into ageing and some encouraging results have been found. Scientists from Seoul National University in Korea tested the ability of cacao in helping prevent wrinkles and found positive results.

In one study, cacao was found to improve the efficiency of genes involved in maintaining hydration and elasticity when skin was exposed to UV rays (chocolate sunscreen anyone?). The Korean studies, published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, says cacao may help regulate skin health at a genetic level and significantly reduce wrinkles caused by sun exposure.

Interestingly, the researchers found cacao boosts skin health by increasing blood flow and improving skin density and hydration.

You’ll find chocolate face masks you can make at home using cacao powder if you look online and I recommend giving it a go for something different. All those antioxidants will certainly do wonders for your skin and your lover may even want to lick it off your face.

The Chocolate Mask:

Ingredients: 1 tablespoon of unsweetened cocoa powder, heavy cream

Mix together a heaping tablespoon of unsweetened cocoa powder with heavy cream to form a paste.

Apply to clean, dry skin and leave the paste on for 15 minutes.

Wipe off mask with washcloth and rinse your face with lukewarm water and pat dry.

The Chocolate Yogurt Honey Mask:

Ingredients: 1 teaspoon cocoa powder, 1 teaspoon yogurt, 1 teaspoon of honey

Blend cocoa powder with honey and yogurt. Cocoa powder can be difficult to blend, so be patient with this step. Keep mixing until mixture looks like melted chocolate.

Clean your face with lukewarm water. Dab dry and then apply the mask evenly on the face except for lip and eye areas. Relax for 15-20 minutes.

Wash off with lukewarm water and dab dry.

The Dark Chocolate Brown Sugar Sea Salt Mask

Ingredients: 2 bars of dark chocolate, 2/3 cup of milk, sea salt, and 3 tablespoons of brown sugar

Heat dark chocolate in a double boiler for about 3 minutes.

Mix sea salt, brown sugar, and 2/3 cup of milk in a bowl.

Remove melted chocolate from heat. Mix melted chocolate with salt/milk mixture.

Allow to cool and apply to face while cool but not hardened.

Leave on until it hardens and wash off with lukewarm water. Add moisturizer.

Is cortisone a steroid

Is cortisone a steroid?

If you have arthritis, you may have considered a cortisone shot as part of your treatment plan. These shots are not pained relievers. Cortisone is a type of steroid, a drug that lowers inflammation, which is something that can lead to less pain

 

But if the inflammation is more severe or widespread, systemic steroids may be required. Corticosteroids can be used for many medical conditions that cause inflammation. Injected corticosteroids, often called cortisone shots, are often used for arthritis, tendonitis, and bursitis.

 

What is the side effect of hydrocortisone cream?
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
How many times a day can you use hydrocortisone?
Your doctor may suggest that you use the cream/ointment twice each day. This should be once in the morning and once in the evening. Ideally, these times are 10–12 hours apart, for example some time between 7 and 8 am, and between 7 and 8 pm.

Cortisone Side Effects

 

Less Serious Side Effects of Cortisone

Some less serious side effects of cortisone may include:

  • Acne, dry skin, or thinning skin
  • Bruising or discoloration of skin
  • Insomnia
  • Mood changes
  • Increased sweating
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea, stomach pain, or bloating
  • Slow wound healing
  • Changes in the shape or location of body fat

Serious Side Effects of Cortisone

You should get emergency medical treatment if you experience any signs of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that may include hives; difficulty breathing; or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.

You should call your doctor at once if you experience any of the following serious side effects of cortisone:

  • Vision problems
  • Swelling
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Severe depression or unusual thoughts or behaviors
  • Seizures
  • Bloody or tarry stools
  • Coughing up blood
  • Symptoms of pancreatitis (severe pain in your upper stomach that spreads to your back; nausea and vomiting; or fast heart rate)
  • Low potassium
  • Dangerously high blood pressure

If you have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, then your blood glucose levels may increase while taking cortisone.

Talk to your doctor about the best way to test and treat this common side effect of cortisone.

Clindamycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Topical

Clindamycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Topical


Why is this medication prescribed?

The combination of clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide is used to treat acne. Clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide are in a class of medications called topical antibiotics. The combination of clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide works by killing the bacteria that cause acne.

How should this medicine be used?

The combination of clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide comes as a gel to apply to the skin. It is usually applied twice a day, in the morning and evening. To help you remember to use clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide gel, apply it at around the same times every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Use clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide gel exactly as directed. Do not use more or less of it or use it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

To use the gel, follow these steps:

  1. Wash the affected area with warm water and gently pat dry with a clean towel.
  2. Use you fingertips to spread a thin layer of gel evenly over the affected area. Avoid getting the gel in your eyes, nose, mouth, or other body openings. If you do get the gel in your eyes, wash with warm water.
  3. Look in the mirror. If you see a white film on your skin, you have used too much medication.
  4. Wash your hands.

Other uses for this medicine

This medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before using clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide,

  • tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to clindamycin (Cleocin, Clinda-Derm, C/D/S), benzoyl peroxide (Benzac, Desquam, PanOxyl, Triaz, others), lincomycin, or any other medications.
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking. Be sure to mention any of the following: erythromycin (E.E.S., E-Mycin, Erythrocin) and other topical medications for acne. Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects.
  • tell your doctor if you have or have ever had stomach problems, ulcerative colitis (a condition which causes swelling and sores in the lining of the colon [large intestine] and rectum), or severe diarrhea caused by antibiotics.
  • tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while using clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide, call your doctor.
  • plan to avoid unnecessary or prolonged exposure to sunlight and to wear protective clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen. Clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide may make your skin sensitive to sunlight.
  • ask your doctor or pharmacist to recommend a moisturizer to keep your skin soft during treatment.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, continue your normal diet.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

Apply the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not apply a double dose to make up for a missed one.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • dry skin
  • itching
  • peeling skin
  • red skin

Some side effects can be serious. The following symptoms are uncommon, but if you experience any of them, call your doctor immediately:

  • severe diarrhea
  • blood or mucus in the stool
  • severe stomach pain or cramps
  • changes in your skin or nails that may be signs of infection with a fungus

Clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while using this medication.

If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch) or by phone (1-800-332-1088).

What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Dispose of any unused medication after 10 weeks.

Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA’s Safe Disposal of Medicines website (http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.

It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location – one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org

What other information should I know?

Keep all appointments with your doctor.

Avoid getting clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide gel on your hair or clothing. Clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide may bleach hair or colored fabric.

Do not let anyone else use your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.

It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.

Brand names of combination products

  • Acanya® (containing Benzoyl Peroxide, Clindamycin)
  • BenzaClin® (containing Benzoyl Peroxide, Clindamycin)
  • Duac® (containing Benzoyl Peroxide, Clindamycin)

Last Revised – 03/15/2016

 

source:https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a603021.html

Benzoyl Peroxide Gel

Benzoyl Peroxide Gel

source: https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-1344/benzoyl-peroxide-topical/details

Uses

This medication is used to treat mild to moderate acne. It may be used in combination with other acne treatments. When applied to the skinbenzoyl peroxide works by reducing the amount of acne-causing bacteria and by causing the skin to dry and peel.

Check the ingredients on the label even if you have used the product before. The manufacturer may have changed the ingredients. Also, products with similar names may contain different ingredients meant for different purposes. Taking the wrong product could harm you.

How to use Benzoyl Peroxide Gel

Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start using this product and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Before using this product for the first time, check if you are allergic to it. To check, put a small amount on one or two small areas of acne for three days. If you have an allergic reaction, stop using this product and get medical help right away (see the symptoms of an allergic reaction in the Side Effects section). If you don’t have an allergic reaction, you can use the product.

There are many benzoyl peroxide products available. Many can be purchased without a prescription. Some products (such as cleansers, foam, or lotions) may require a prescription. Consult your doctor or pharmacist on the choice of the product that is best for you. If you are using the over-the-counter product to self-treat, read and follow all directions on the product package before using this medication. If you have any questions, consult your pharmacist. If your doctor has prescribed this medication, use it as directed.

Some products require shaking before use. Check your product package to see if your form of this medication needs to be shaken.

Apply benzoyl peroxide to the areas of your skin affected by acne. Avoid getting this medication into your eyes, inside your nose or mouth, or on any areas of broken skin since it may cause irritation. If this occurs, flush the area with plenty of water. Benzoyl peroxide may bleach hair or fabrics. Use carefully, and avoid contact with hair, clothing, and furnishings.

If using cleansers containing benzoyl peroxide, wet the affected area. Gently rub the cleanser into the skin for 10-20 seconds. Work into a full lather and rinse thoroughly and then pat dry. If too much drying occurs, you may need to rinse the cleanser off sooner or use it less often. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for further details.

If you are using the liquid wash, cleansing pad, or cleanser bar, use it instead of soap once or twice a day. Wet the skin before applying, gently work up a lather for 10 to 20 seconds, and rinse thoroughly. Do not scrub the skin.

If using the shaving cream, first wet the area to be shaved. Apply a small amount of the medication, gently rub into the area, and then shave.

If you are using a cream, foam, lotion, or gel, apply it to the affected area as directed, usually once or twice a day. Before applying each dose, gently wash the affected area with a mild cleanser, then pat dry. Apply a small amount of medicine to the affected area and rub in gently. Some products may require rinsing off after application for a certain amount of time. Check your product package to see if your form of this medication needs to be rinsed off.

If you are using the medicated pads or sponges, wash the affected skin with a mild cleanser, then pat dry. Wipe the pad or sponge gently onto the skin to apply the medication, usually once or twice a day to the skin as directed.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Improvement in acne is usually seen after 3 weeks of use, and maximum benefit after 8-12 weeks of use. Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than directed. Your condition will not improve any faster, and your risk of side effects will increase.

If your condition persists or worsens, or if you think you may have a serious medical problem, get medical help right away.

 

 

Benzoyl peroxide

440px-Benzoyl-peroxide.svg
440px-Benzoyl-peroxide.svg

 

Benzoyl peroxide (BPO) is a medication and industrial chemical.[2] As a medication it is used to treat mild to moderate acne.[3] For more severe cases it may be used together with other treatments.[3] Some versions come mixed with antibiotics such as clindamycin.[4] Other uses include bleaching flourhair bleachingteeth whitening, and textile bleaching.[5][6][7] It is also used in the plastic industry.[2]

Common side effects are skin irritation, dryness, or peeling.[3][8] Use in pregnancy is of unclear safety.[9] Benzoyl peroxide is in the peroxide family of chemicals.[6] In acne it works by killing bacteria.[5]

Benzoyl peroxide was first made in 1905 and came into medical use in the 1930s.[5] It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.[10]Benzoyl peroxide is available as a generic medication and over the counter.[8] In the United Kingdom 150 ml of a 10% solution costs the NHS about £4.[4] In the United States a month of treatment costs less than 25 USD.[8]

 

Uses[edit]

Most benzoyl peroxide is used as a radical initiator to induce polymerizations.[11] Other major applications include its antiseptic and bleaching properties.

Acne treatment[edit]

Tube of a water-based 5% benzoyl peroxide preparation for the treatment of acne.

Benzoyl peroxide is effective for reducing the number and severity of acne lesions. BPO has a bactericidal effect on Propionibacterium acnes bacteria associated with acne and does not induce antibiotic resistance.[12][13] It may be combined with salicylic acidsulfurerythromycin or clindamycin (antibiotics), or adapalene (a synthetic retinoid). Two common combination drugs include benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin and adapalene/benzoyl peroxide, an unusual formulation considering most retinoids are deactivated by peroxides. Combination products such as benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide/salicylic acid appear to be slightly more effective than benzoyl peroxide alone for the treatment of acne lesions.[13]

Benzoyl peroxide for acne treatment is typically applied to the affected areas in gel, cream, or liquid, in concentrations of 2.5% increasing through 5.0%, and up to 10%.[12] No strong evidence supports the idea that higher concentrations of benzoyl peroxide are more effective than lower concentrations.[12]

Benzoyl peroxide commonly causes initial dryness and sometimes irritation, although the skin develops tolerance after a week or so. A small percentage of people are much more sensitive to it and liable to suffer burning, itching, crusting, and possibly swelling.[14] It is sensible to apply the lowest concentration and build up as appropriate. Once tolerance is achieved, increasing the quantity or concentration and gaining tolerance at a higher level may give better subsequent acne clearance.[15] Irritation can also be reduced by avoiding harsh facial cleansers and wearing sunscreen prior to sun exposure.[15]

What is acne?

What is acne?

Acne occurs when the pores of your skin become clogged, most often on the face, neck, back, and chest. No one knows exactly why this happens, but we do know that testosterone plays a part, as does heredity.1-5

Once a pore becomes clogged, it traps skin oil inside. Bacteria grows in this oil and can cause an inflammatory response in the skin. Acne lesions can be small and hardly noticeable, have a small white or black head, or can appear red with a white/yellow center. Sometimes a clogged pore will become so inflamed that it can lead to larger, more painful lesions called nodules or cysts, which can ultimately scar. Almost no one escapes some clogged pores and pimples, especially during adolescence–a fragile time when self-esteem and confidence is just emerging.9-10 Acne afflicts people of all ethnicities and is treated the same regardless.† 11-15

Our skin is healthiest and clearest when it is in balance. The more irritation your skin experiences, the more likely it is to break out. Conversely, the less irritation your skin experiences, the better it is able to remain clear. Sources of irritationinclude anything which rubs, scratches, or comes into prolonged contact with your skin, as well as anything which sends your skin out of balance such as overdryness, sunburns, shaving the face with irritating razors, and pore-clogging cosmetics. To best clear acne, try to keep your skin as untouched as possible. Acne is not caused by dirt, and washing your face, while it is fine to do up to twice per day, is going to do little to help with your acne.

Finally, popping pimples is not off limits. None of us likes to walk around with puss filled pimples. Done correctly, properly popping can actually help hasten healing. However, whatever you do, do not pick at your skin.

 

How to treat acne

Treatment must continue until your body outgrows the disease, which the majority of people do for the most degree after adolescence.16-17 Aside from Accutane (isotretinoin), there is no other oral or topical treatment for acne which produces long lasting remission of acne symptoms.18 However, ongoing treatment can get the skin completely clear and keep it that way for years if need be.

2.5% Benzoyl Peroxide

The most effective treatment aside from Accutane (isotretinoin) is benzoyl peroxide, which has been a mainstay of acne treatment since the 1930s, and for good reason. It is the only medication which can penetrate into the skin and deliver oxygen.19 Acne bacteria cannot live in the presence of oxygen, and benzoyl peroxide kills 99.9% of them almost instantly.20 For benzoyl peroxide to completely clear acne, it must be applied as outlined in The Acne.org Regimen: generously, and in 2.5% strength. Applying in this fashion allows most people to completely suppress acne symptoms until their bout of acne naturally subsides.
The Acne.org Regimen »

Accutane (isotretinoin)

For severe, widespread, and potentially scarring acne, Accutane is an option. Isotretinoin is a systemic oral treatment which is taken for 15-20 weeks and produces long-term remission of acne symptoms in about 66% of people, but comes with a large range of side effects including severe birth defects, and must be administered in close partnership with your physician.21-22
Accutane (isotretinoin)

article source: https://www.acne.org/