Is cortisone a steroid?
If you have arthritis, you may have considered a cortisone shot as part of your treatment plan. These shots are not pained relievers. Cortisone is a type of steroid, a drug that lowers inflammation, which is something that can lead to less pain
But if the inflammation is more severe or widespread, systemic steroids may be required. Corticosteroids can be used for many medical conditions that cause inflammation. Injected corticosteroids, often called cortisone shots, are often used for arthritis, tendonitis, and bursitis.
Cortisone Side Effects
Less Serious Side Effects of Cortisone
Some less serious side effects of cortisone may include:
- Acne, dry skin, or thinning skin
- Bruising or discoloration of skin
- Mood changes
- Increased sweating
- Nausea, stomach pain, or bloating
- Slow wound healing
- Changes in the shape or location of body fat
Serious Side Effects of Cortisone
You should get emergency medical treatment if you experience any signs of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that may include hives; difficulty breathing; or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
You should call your doctor at once if you experience any of the following serious side effects of cortisone:
- Vision problems
- Rapid weight gain
- Shortness of breath
- Severe depression or unusual thoughts or behaviors
- Bloody or tarry stools
- Coughing up blood
- Symptoms of pancreatitis (severe pain in your upper stomach that spreads to your back; nausea and vomiting; or fast heart rate)
- Low potassium
- Dangerously high blood pressure
If you have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, then your blood glucose levels may increase while taking cortisone.
Talk to your doctor about the best way to test and treat this common side effect of cortisone.